Opening at sunrise and closing at sunset, the Daylily is highly diverse in both color and shape with literally thousands of different plants from which to choose.
Its genus name is Hemerocallis, the plant is a perennial and is a native of Europe, China, Japan and Korea.
The plant started in Asia many years before it came to the Americas. Its popularity did not begin until the process known as hybridizing came about in the 1930's. Because of hybridizing, we now can enjoy about 60,000 varieties in just about any color imaginable.
A hardy plant to zone 2, there are dormant varieties that do indeed go into dormancy in the winter and are recommended for the very cold climates, but you can treat all of the them as dormants simply by covering them lightly with leaves or straw for winter.
Occurring as a clump including the leaves, roots and crown, the long leaves group into fans that are flat, the crown is small, white and positioned between the leaves and roots and forms an essential part of the fan. To propagate the plant simply take the small leafy bracts or nodes from the plant and you will have an exact clone of the parent plant.
The flower has three petals and three sepals with midribs in each in either the same or a contrasting color. The throat of the flower, in the center, is usually of a different color. Six stamens are in each flower, and after pollination, the flower forms a pod. Some flowers have a scent, some species' flowers are edible, but care must be taken because some are toxic. Each scape, as the stem is referred to, holds about 40 to 60 buds with the plants producing 20 to 30 scapes for blooms from May to October when planting a variety of daylilies.
The diversity of day lilies make them perfect for pond or dry land. They will thrive just about anywhere, but do need to be separated in about three years to so that the plants will continue to flower and prosper. The addition of the daylily to your pondscape will give many years of flowering enjoyment.